Craig A. Obafemi

Department of Chemistry

Faculty of Science

Obafemi Awolowo University


Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Contact Information

Call: +234 803 475 3605



Journal of Phytomedicine

Synthetic Medicinal and Business Chemistry (JPSMBC)


Journal of Phytomedicine, Synthetic Medicinal and Business Chemistry aims to publish internationally-leading innovative studies across the full breadth of chemicals derived from plants, synthetic organic chemistry and chemical business. Papers for JPSMBC are particularly welcome in which high-quality research will benefit from wide readership of academics and chemical industry practitioners. JPSMBC seeks papers in areas relating to bioactivity (uses), efficacy, safety, quality, reactions and mechanisms of reactions and action of plant extracts, structural elucidation (characterization) and pharmacological activity of plant isolated products; Design, synthesis and biological screening of novel organic compounds (synthetic approaches to new drugs, molecular docking in drug design, catalysis, x-ray and other spectroscopic analyses, computational studies and structure-activity relationships (SAR) in compounds with biological activity; Current developments/challenges and potential solutions in chemistry and industry, recent developments in the relevance of chemistry within the chemical industries, management practice and management issues and new business models in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry.



  1. Editor in Chief
    Craig Obafemi
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  2. Associate Editors

  3. Associate Editor
    Folahan Adekola
    FRSC, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  4. Associate Editor
    Jerry Jasinski
    Keene State College, Keene, U.S.A
  5. Associate Editor
    Julius Oloke
    Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
  6. Associate Editor
    Anthony Okoh
    University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
  7. Associate Editor
    Olugbeminiyi Fadeyi
    Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, U.S.A
  8. Associate Editor
    Yuxia Zhao
    Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, China
  9. Associate Editor
    Lukman Olasunkanmi
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  10. Associate Editor
    Ezekiel Iwalewa
    University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  11. Associate Editor
    David Akinpelu
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  12. Associate Editor
    Olayinka Ajani
    Covenant University, Nigeria
  13. Associate Editor
    Taiwo Asaolu
    Department of Management and Accounting, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  14. Associate Editor
    Sunday Okeniyi
    Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
  15. Associate Editor
    Anthony Onipede
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  16. Associate Editor
    Adebukola Selimot Huthman
    Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi, Lagos State, Nigeria
  17. Technical Editor
    Olatomide Fadare
    Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria



The entire process of submission and review for JPSMBC is by electronic means, which shortens publication times. Authors must have an e-mail address to use the online submission system. All manuscripts should be submitted electronically through Register, log-in and submit. Potential reviewers are then invited by the Editors. However, before submitting your manuscript, please follow the following instructions.

Publication Ethics

The fundamental principle of research and foundation for scientists’ reputation are academic ethics. JPSMBC issues the following Publication Ethics and Misconduct Statement about the expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing in JPSMBC (the publisher, the author, the peer reviewer and the editor) to ensure integrity in the research process and publish high-quality scientific papers.

Expected ethical behaviors

Journal of Phytomedicine, Synthetic Medicinal and Business Chemistry follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) rules (internet). Hence, corresponding authors, editors and reviewers are expected to follow the best-practice guidelines on ethical behavior contained therein.

  • Duties of guardianship
  • It is the responsibility of the publisher to make sure that the best practice is followed in all publications, including safeguarding editorial independence

  • Researchers
  • Researchers, particularly early career researchers are advised to consult any of the numerous published publishing ethics standards

  • Duties of Editors
  • Editors have complete responsibility and authority to accept/reject submitted manuscripts. Such submitted manuscripts are evaluated by editors exclusively on the basis of their academic merit and the Journal’s publishing ethics standards.

    Editors and the editorial staff must guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted manuscripts. This means that no information about a submitted manuscript should be disclosed by editors and editorial staff to anyone other than the corresponding author, the publisher, contacted reviewers and an adviser from the JPSMBC Editorial Board, if necessary

    Disclosure and conflicts of interest:

    Potential or hidden conflicts of interest may exist in editorial boards which might influence the peer review process and can result in bias. This journal aims to minimize bias in the review process. Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept. Editors should avoid reviewing or taking decisions on manuscripts submitted from their own institution, or co-researchers or co-authors. In general, editors should recuse themselves if they have published or collaborated with any author or contributor of a manuscript within the past three years, to avoid the possibility of bias. Editors with conflicts of interest should ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript

    Editors and editorial board members should not use the submitted papers for their own research purposes without the authors’ written authorization.

    Publication decisions:

    The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field. Recommendations are independently made by peer-reviewers to the journal Editor-in-Chief as to whether the manuscript should be accepted, with or without revisions, or rejected. In other words, the Editor-in-Chief considers all the feedback from peer reviewers and makes an informed decision on which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published.

    The whole process of manuscript review is expected to be highly confidential, objective, and thorough. All manuscripts received for review are confidential documents. They contain privileged information and must not be discussed with anyone other than the assigned editor and the journal editor-in-chief. Assigned editors would carry out initial screening to determine if the submitted manuscripts clearly lie within the scope of the journal and are of good/high quality. Peer review (double blind where names of reviewers and authors are not revealed to each other) assists editors in making editorial decisions and may indeed help authors to improve their manuscripts through editorial communications with the authors. Reviewers’ judgments should be objective and, where necessary, point out relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research work, research funders and the authors.

  • Duties of Authors:
  • 1. Standards for Reporting Original Research: Authors of original research work are expected to present an accurate account of the work performed, followed by an objective discussion of its significance. A manuscript should contain sufficient information, data (detailed experimental procedures and results) and references to enable others to repeat the experiments.

    2. Originality and Plagiarism:

    Plagiarism involves incorporating someone else’s work or ideas into your work without their consent or full acknowledgement. This takes many forms, but plagiarism in all its forms (including fraudulent or deliberate inaccurate statements) constitute unethical behaviour and are not acceptable. Authors are expected to write and submit entirely original papers, and if they have used the works or words of others, appropriate citation of the works/words must be made or appropriate permission should be obtained.

    Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from published or unpublished works of others will be rejected and the authors may incur plagiarism sanctions.

    3. Concurrent Submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal:

    Research articles describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. It is unethical and unacceptable for an author to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. An author should not submit a previously published paper for consideration in another journal, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint. Hence submission of an article to JPSMBC is understood to imply that it has not been published before or being considered for publication elsewhere.

    4. Authorship of Paper:

    An author is one who has made substantial contributions to the conceptualization or design of the work or methodology, investigation or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work or writing (draft, review & editing) of manuscript. Authorship entails responsibility and accountability for the contents of the published work.

    All authors must agree on the list and arrangement (order) of authors before submitting their manuscript and the corresponding author should provide a definitive list of authors, and each individual contribution, at the time of the original submission. Authors take collective responsibility for the content of the manuscript.

  • Manuscripts preparations Guide
  • Journal of Phytomedicine, Synthetic Medicinal and Business Chemistry (JPSMBC) reports on research in plant (whole or parts) extracts, synthetic medicinal chemistry and business chemistry. Therefore, manuscripts should contain new work on phytochemical analysis, purified new natural compounds having defined reproducible pharmacological activity of particular scientific interest, the use of plants and herbs for the purpose of cure and mitigation of human ailments generally and nanoparticle-based delivery of phytomedicines; synthesis of new compounds and their biological evaluation; molecular modelling studies and drug design; building and sustaining thriving businesses in the chemical industry; developing essential management skills and innovative business models, processes and products in chemical industry.


    Authors should write their text in good English (American or British is accepted, but not a mixture of the two) and re-check carefully for grammatical errors. Authors who are not good in English writing (or whose native language is not English) and wish to edit their manuscripts to conform to correct scientific English may consult any of the English Language (Research Paper) Editing services (or a native speaker of English with expertise in that area). The preferred electronic format for text is Microsoft Word. However, manuscripts in LaTeX are acceptable provided the native LaTeX and a PDF are supplied.

    All correspondence is by e-mail.


    All papers would be subjected to rapid peer reviews and corrections and published Online. Authors are required to submit the names, institutional affiliations and corresponding e-mail addresses of at least three potential referees. Note that the editor may or may not use the suggested reviewers.

    Prepare the manuscript in Times New Roman font using a font size of 12 and 1.5 line spacing.

    Original Articles should not exceed 15 typewritten pages (or up to 5,000 words) including references, figures and tables. International Systems of Units (SI) symbols and recognized abbreviations for units of measurement should be used. Short communications should be submitted the same way as a full-length paper. Total length should not exceed 10 typewritten pages (or up to 3,000 words) including references and illustrative material.

    Review articles: Authors wishing to publish review articles (on subject areas of current interest) should seek prior approval from Editor-in-Chief, by sending the abstract and a cover letter highlighting the importance of the review. Total length should not exceed 30 typewritten pages, including tables and figures. Except for review articles, the number of references should not exceed 35. The style (format) of references must be consistent, showing the name(s) of author(s), (first initial. middle initial. author's last name), title of article, year of publication,, journal name, volume number, page numbers. doi: (We highly encourage the use of DOI (if available)).

  • Text Arrangement
  • The text should be arranged in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Graphical abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion (or Results and Discussion) (Figure and Table titles and legends [must be submitted by excel sheet only), Acknowledgements, References (must be in numerical in text as well as references). The Title must be as brief as possible (concise) and informative.

    Authors names and affiliations.

    Each author must provide full names (given names and family name), with an asterisk after the name of the corresponding author (who will handle correspondence at all stages of reviewing, leading to publication. Authors' affiliations and postal addresses (where the actual work was done), including e-mail address of each author must be presented.
    Example: Isolation, characterization, crystal structure, free radical scavenging and computational studies of a new crystallographic form of a pure 1,8-xanthenedione derivative from Garcinia kola seeds

    Rachael Y. Agunbiade a , Jerry P. Jasinski b , Yusuf Yilmaz c and Craig A. Obafemi a,*

    a Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, 220005, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

    b Department of Chemistry, Keene State College, 229 Main Street, Keene, NH, 03435-2001, USA

    c NT Vocational School, Gaziantep University, 27310, Gaziantep, Turkey

    * Corresponding author

    Craig A. Obafemi, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, 220005, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

    Tel.: +234 803 475 3605.

    E-mail address:


    This journal requires a concise structured abstract for original research papers, summarizing the contents of the article in not more than 350 words and structured as follows:. Potential reviewers are then invited by the Editors. However, before submitting your manuscript, please follow the following instructions.

    •    Background- giving a brief overview of the topic
    •    Purpose- stating the main objective of the study
    •    Study design/Materials and Methods- describing the basic design (how are the objectives achieved?) and scientific experimental techniques (main methods used)
    •    Results- giving main results of the study including informative significance of the results (practical implications) and, whenever appropriate, the exact level of statistical significance
    •    Conclusion- stating only those conclusions supported by the data obtained from your study (not speculation)

    Graphical abstract

    Graphical abstracts (allowing readers to quickly gain an understanding of the main findings of the article) are highly encouraged for this journal. These should be submitted as a separate file (PDF or MS Office files) online


    4 to 6 important and relevant keywords (useful for indexing purposes) must be provided immediately after the abstract


    The introduction should provide sufficient background information, but a detailed literature survey must be avoided. State briefly and clearly why you are writing the paper.

    Material and methods

    This section describes in detail all the materials that have been used to conduct the study as well as the procedures that are undertaken, detailed enough that the experiments can be reproduced by others. Manuscripts with insufficient detail on how the study was conducted in this section will be rejected. Previously reported experimental procedures should be referenced only. However, relevant modifications should be described.

    Ethics approval and informed consent:

    Research including experimentation on animals (or human data or tissue) requires both approval by the authors institute's ethics committee prior to conducting the research, and stated confirmation that these experiments were conducted according to established animal welfare (or human or tissue) guidelines. Please ensure you provide the full name of the ethical committee approving your experiments and reference number if appropriate, and document this in the methods section of the paper.


    This section represents the core findings of a study and should be arranged in a logical sequence, written in the past tense.


    This section should interpret and describe the significance of the results of the work. A combined Results and Discussion section is also acceptable. Conclusions The main conclusions of the study should highlight key points in the findings, elaborate on the significance of the findings and may suggest possible future research on the topic.


    The acknowledgment section enables you to express your appreciation in a concise manner to those who have helped in carrying out the research, which may include non-authors, administrative staff, proof readers, funding sources, editing services, etc.


    Please declare all the sources of funding including financial support. Example: This research is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Nigeria (research project NASRDA 2015-0020A) and National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Programme Grants for Applied Research programme (Grant Reference Number XX-YY-nnnn-mmmm). If no funding has been provided for the research, please include a sentence, such as: The authors received no direct funding for this research.

    Competing interests

    All submitted works must include disclosure of all relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. A conflict of interest exists when an author has either personal or financial or professional relationships that may inappropriately influence his or her actions/reports. Hence the credibility of published works is dependent, in part, on how well conflicts of interest are handled and reported.

    That is, for transparency, authors must disclose and specify any competing interests that could influence objective data presentation, analysis and interpretation.


    Reference cited in the text: References in the text should be indicated by number(s) in square brackets. Every reference cited in the text must be present in the reference list (and vice versa). Note that the actual authors can be referred to in the text, but the reference number(s) must always be given. For example: ‘…… possess antitumor and anti-cancer effects [25,26]. ...... following the method of Siegmund and Cadmus [7]’.

    Other examples:

    • Reference to a journal publication:

    First Initial. Middle Initial. Author's Last Name, Title of Article. Year, Journal Name. Volume, Page numbers. Doi : N. Oka, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, T. Wada, Solid-phase synthesis of stereoregular oligodeoxyribonucleoside phosphorothioates using bicyclic oxazaphospholidine derivatives as monomer units. 2008, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16031–16037. doi: 10.1021/ja805780u;

    Reference to a book:

    B.G. Katzung, Basic and clinical pharmacology, 7th ed. Stanford, Connecticut, 1998.

    • Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

    R.D. Porsolt, Behavioral despair. In: S.J. Enna, J.B. Malick, E. Richelson (eds), Antidepressants: Neurochemical, behavioural and clinical perspectives, Raven Press, New York, 1981, pp 121-139.

    • Reference to a website:

    Center for Disease Control Taiwan. A report on the laboratory-acquired SARS in Taiwan., 2004 [accessed January 19, 2004].

    • Reference to conference proceedings:

    A.L. Duckworth, A. Quirk, R. Gallop, R.H. Hoyle, D.R. Kelly, M.D. Matthews. Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. 2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504.

    Journal Abbreviations

    Authors should use correct Journal abbreviations by consulting the appropriate journal’s home- page or by searching the Multi-disciplinary Journal Abbreviation Resources on the internet.

    Supplementary materials

    Relevant materials that do not form part of- or cannot be accommodated in- the main article, but could be beneficial to readers, are classified as supplementary materials and may include data sets, additional figures, sound clips, large tables, video files (mpg/mpeg, mp4, mov: minimum dim: 320 pixels wide by 240 pixels deep, viewable in QuickTime or Windows Media Player), etc. Where applicable, authors should submit supplementary materials together with the full articles (for peer review with the articles) and supply a short and clear descriptive caption for each supplementary file. Supplementary materials are published (without editing) online with the full article in the exact format as provided by the authors.